Wondering Why?

Why are Estuaries Important?

Why are Estuaries Important?

Estuary is from the Latin word ‘aestuarium, or the tidal inlet of the sea. The most common definition for it is a ‘partly-enclosed, body of water which has a free connection to the sea. It is a rich place where fresh water and sea water meets and hosts many plants and animals that thrive on these conditions.

Estuaries are known to filter dirt and pollution and its richness makes it centers of coastal communities. However, due to human intervention estuaries are slowly degrading through the years. Waste management, pollution and constant changes in the environment slowly deteriorate this delicate balance in nature.

They are known to be the breeding/nesting grounds of fish and birds for generations. This is an important part of their cycle of life, keeping it in its natural order is still the best way to preserve estuaries around the world. Humans had long entered this haven and only a few estuaries are left untouched and protected by the government.

The main reason why estuaries are so unique is because it is one of the most productive ecosystems found on the planet. The unique conditions make it a haven for different organic life. Some varieties of fish, shellfish, birds and plants can only be found in estuaries. Whenever they filter sediments and pollutants from the water, they ensure that cleaner water flows to the ocean. They are an indispensable part of our environment.

They are considered as important recreational areas for people to see and visit. They are an important means of transportation and commerce as well. Tourists visit estuaries to swim, fish, bird watch and to tour it by boat. These provide the locals with opportunities to get income through the services they give to visitors/tourists all year round.

It is best to leave estuaries in their natural environment. Without it, many species of fish and birds may disappear from the face of the planet.

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