Why Do Cysts Form On Ovaries?

Why Do Cysts Form On Ovaries?

Having ovarian cysts can be the most frightening thing that could happen to a woman. But before we go fidgeting around, let us be familiar with what we are facing. There are several causes why ovarian cysts exist.

These cysts, comparable to a blister, can be described as sacs which can contain either pus or fluids. Women, who are in their reproductive age, are the ones who are in higher risks of being affected. This is when estrogen and progesterone levels are highest. These cysts form inside the almond-shaped ovaries which are located on lateral sides of the uterus.

In the normal ovulation process, which happens once a month, the ovary produces a follicle. This, then releases the egg which is to be fertilized. When this process is not terminated properly, there is a higher incidence that functional ovarian cysts form. Women who are beyond their reproductive age are less likely to be affected.

Abnormal ovarian cysts form due to imbalances of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone), causing hypertrophy of the ovaries therefore preventing future ovulation to occur. Permanent fertility problems results from having these kinds of cysts.

Most of the ovarian cysts are asymptomatic during the early stage. Later, however, a sensation of abdominal may be felt. In some, dypareunia or painful intercourse had also been reported. Pain is the most common complain of patients and the reason why they report to the Emergency Room. This pressure may be caused by increasing ovary size, internal bleeding or ruptured cyst which is irritating the lining and other organs in the abdomen. Ultasonography and other imaging studies can provide visual representations of abdominal masses, including ovarian cysts.

There is also no specific race that increases the risk of having ovarian cysts as almost all have reported cases. It is a good thing, however to know that certain types of cysts will disappear even without surgery. They are eventually absorbed in the body.

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