Why do Periods cause cramps?

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Why do Periods cause cramps?

Many women experience the cramps during the menstrual cycle. Painful menstruation might result in the women in teens and 20s to be away from school, job and other household activities. Women having pain or cramps during the periods, experience lot of discomfort that makes them isolated. The pain or cramps might begin few days before the start of menstruation or along with the menstruation period. It wanes gradually with the period time. Menstrual cramps are accompanied by nausea, loose bowel movement, constipation, vomiting, bloating in the belly area, light headedness, and headaches.
Vaginal cramps are generally caused due to the contractions caused in the uterine walls. The uterus makes contractions and relaxations in order to allow the menstrual blood to be easily drained. This process of contractions and relaxations release some chemicals called as prostaglandins. Release of this chemical is accompanied by increase in severity of contractions. The prostaglandin release in high levels at the time of menstrual period creates problems like nausea and wooziness which is more common in teenage girls.
The condition is called as ‘primary dysmenorrhea’ which is the menstrual pain that begins in healthy women who are young. This symptom is also caused due to the result of the enhanced prostaglandin activity and not related to the problems with uterus. Primary dysmenorrhea is not a serious matter while secondary dysmenorrhea is indicated by cramps caused due to the endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease.
The cramps that are initiated during the menstrual period stays for 2 to 3 days. Just before the start of the period also, some women experience lot of pain in the lower part of uterus. This is due to the contractions in uterus which allows the blood to pass through it. Cramps occurring at the time of periods are very common. But, intensified cramps can cause severe problems which have to be immediately checked by the doctor.

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