Why India is called Bharat?
India is otherwise called as ‘Bharat,. It is also called as ‘Bharata varsha,, or ‘Land of Bharata,. Bharata was a king who is a great scholar and sage. He is the son of Dushyanth and Shakuntala. It is also said that the word Bharat was derived from the word Bhaarathi which is other name for Goddess ‘Saraswati,.
The Indian Republic has three main names officially. All the three names are considered as representing the entire country consisting of many more small countries of the Indian sub continent. The other official names of Indian republic are India, Bharata and Hindustan. Hindustan is the name used when people are talking about historical occurrence of the country name. Hindustan is the name that is mostly used in North India. The three names are used by the people of India based on the context and the state where they have come from.
Bharat is the name of India in Sanskrit and is used officially. In ancient Indian scriptures the name for Indian sub continent was referred as ‘Bharata Varsham’. In one of the Holy Scriptures ‘Vayu puranam’ it is written that the king who rules the land of Bharata is granted the name as ‘Samrat’ or Emperor. In some Hindu ancient texts it is also mentioned that Bharata has ruled the whole earth. The word Bharata means one who is deeply involved in probing for knowledge.
Some scripts say that Bharata name has come from the Jain king Bharata Chakravarthi. It is mentioned in several of the ancient Hindu Sacred texts like Vishnu Purana, Skanda Purana, Agni Purana, Vayu Purana, Linga Purana, Brahmanda Purana and Markandeya Purana that India is called as Bharata Varsha. Vishnu Purana clearly says that this country has got the name as Bharata, when the father handed over his kingdom to the son Bharata and went to the forests after renunciation.