ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, is a molecule that literally contains energy for the various cellular processes in the body. Â Without the energy provided by the ATP molecule, cells wouldn’t be able to perform their functions efficiently. Â It is for this reason that ATP is referred to as a high-energy molecule. Â Its energy content basically fuels all the cellular processes in the body for proper functioning. Â Without ATP, the body will literally shut down and not function as expected.
The ATP molecule is produced inside the cells of all living things including human beings. Â Specifically, it is in the mitochondria where ATP is created to provide energy for the body. Â ATP in itself is not the energy source but, rather, the energy is stored in the three phosphate bonds of the molecule. Â When these phosphate bonds group together, it literally creates a spark that releases energy for the various cellular processes in the body. Â The process requires three bonds of phosphate to be able to release energy. Â At first, there may be only two bonds, and this is called ADP, or adenosine diphosphate. Â But when a third phosphate bond is created in the mitochondria, the stored energy is then released for use by the different cells of the body.
The best thing about this so-called high-energy molecule is that it is recyclable and re-usable by the body. Â Once the energy source is used up by different cellular or metabolic processes, all of the precursors to this molecule are converted back into ATP to provide a constant supply of energy source for the body. Â In this sense, the ATP molecule can be likened to rechargeable batteries that provide energy for various cellular and/or bodily functions when needed. Â The mitochondria in various cells continue creating the phosphate bonds to prepare and store energy for the body’s energy requirements.