Why is Buddha Purnima Celebrated?
Buddha purnima is the occasion to remember the birth of Lord Buddha. This day is celebrated with religious excitement. The Hindu year also has 12 months in which Buddha purnima falls on full moon day of Vaisakha month. Lord Buddha was born on this day in 563 B.C. It is also motivating to know that Buddha received enlightenment on the same day. Lord Buddha was found to have died on the day of Buddha purnima. Sarnath is a place where a large monument is built which has the history of Lord Buddha having given his first lecture. On the day of Buddha purnima a big celebration takes place at Sarnath and the belongings of him are displayed to everyone.
Buddha purnima is celebrated in India, Bangladesh, Hong Kong, Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indonesia, Taiwan and Nepal. The other names of Buddha purnima in different places are named as Wesak, Visakah puja, Vaisaka Buddha purnima, Visakha Bucha, Saga Dawa, Fo Don, and Phat Dan. Buddhists perform their prayers at Sarnath in various Buddhist temples on the Buddha purnima day. Prayers, lectures, sessions of Buddhist scriptures are some of the activities that are carried out on this day. Devotees of Lord Buddha worship him by offering fruits, flowers and so on to Lord Buddha.
Lord Buddha, a King previously had a wife called Yashodara. There is a story prevailing that his wife, his first disciple called Ananda, his Charioteer and horse were also born on this full moon day. The bodhi tree under which Lord Buddha got salvation was also known to have been created on this day. The place at which Buddha was born is called Bodh Gaya in Bihar, India. Every year on the Buddha purnima day celebrations are made heavily at this place in Maha bodhi temple here. The most important event remembered on this day of Buddha purnima is attainment of salvation by Lord Buddha under Maha bodhi tree.