Why Is Cryopreservation Of Animals Necessary?
Cryopreservation is a procedure in which the tissues and cells are being preserved by means of cooling it to sub-zero temperature. Because of biochemical reactions, cell death is most likely to happen. But by the process of cryopreserving, it can be avoided. Animals are undergoing this long-term storage procedure since it is a new discovered branch of science for living organisms. It is also known as egg freezing and it is becoming the most viable way to protect the ability to have children even if an animal or a person is having a disease which concerns fertility. As of now, cryopreservation is becoming more popular. However, there are still a lot of factors that needs to be learned about this field.
In most instances, cells can survive and withstand the variety of stresses and temperature. Each cell type of animals has an optimum cooling rate at which the cell can reach survival at its maximum state. Cryopreservation is the cooling rate while cryoprotectant is the warming rate. The process of cooling the cells of animals is a way of preserving them depending on the fertility of the animals. By means of this process, we can ensure that the number of the organisms and animals will multiply without worrying on natural factors that may affect the fertility of the animals. Long-term storage facilitates all the quarantines and semen transfer. For agricultural animals, semen cryopreservation is a proven established industry in the world. However, for mammals, this process is not that applicable since their sperm will be infertile once undergone the process of thawing and freezing.
Through artificial intelligence, physical contact is eliminated, thus, the spread of sexual diseases in animals are also limited. The ejaculated and preserved genes of males can be used to make the females pregnant. Successful cryopreservation also enhances some advantages of artificial intelligence over breeding naturally.