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Why is Douglas MacArthur important?

Douglas MacArthur is an army general of the US and served as field marshal for the Philippines back in the 1930s.  His contribution in the Pacific War aspect of World War II made General Douglas MacArthur an important figure not only in American and Philippine history, but in the history of the whole world.

Douglas MacArthur started his career as a First Captain at the US Military Academy located in West Point, New York.  Graduating at the top of his class, he first participated in a reconnaissance mission back in 1914.  Back then, the US was trying to occupy Veracruz with MacArthur part of the army team. By World War I, MacArthur got promoted to Brigadier General and served the US Military Academy as a Superintendent.  After which, MacArthur was stationed in the Philippines, a close American ally.  It is in this country that MacArthur served the US Military and became a major general.  The Philippines back in World War II was an important site for the Americans as both Philippine and US military personnel fought against Japanese occupation of the Pacific islands. General Douglas MacArthur also led the so-called Pacific War, which is part of World War II.  As its name suggests, this part of war occurred in various parts of the Pacific.  With the Philippines located in South East Asia, it became a tactical location for various American troops during World War II.  MacArthur successfully led American soldiers and allies from the Philippines and other countries during his term as commanding general in the Pacific.  It was also during the time of General MacArthur that World War II officially ended when Japan finally surrendered in 1945.

With MacArthur’s various contributions in different wars, he became one of the most well-known and respected persons in the US military and world history in general.  General MacArthur also received various military honors during his entire career including several Silver Star Awards and the Distinguished Service Cross medal.  For his service in the Philippines and the Pacific War in general, MacArthur was awarded with a Medal of Honor.

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  1. Shalom,

    The Other Holocaust :
    Nanjing Massacre,
    Unit 731, Unit 100, Unit 516

    American grant of immunity

    After Imperial Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, Douglas MacArthur became the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, rebuilding Japan during the Allied occupation. MacArthur secretly granted immunity to the physicians of Unit 731, including their leader, in exchange for providing America, but not the other wartime allies, with their research on biological warfare.American occupation authorities monitored the activities of former unit members, including reading and censoring their mail. The U.S. believed that the research data was valuable. The U.S. did not want other nations, particularly the Soviet Union, to acquire data on biological weapons.

    The Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal heard only one reference to Japanese experiments with “poisonous serums” on Chinese civilians. This took place in August 1946 and was instigated by David Sutton, assistant to the Chinese prosecutor. The Japanese defense counselor argued that the claim was vague and uncorroborated and it was dismissed by the tribunal president, Sir William Webb, for lack of evidence. The subject was not pursued further by Sutton, who was likely aware of Unit 731′s activities. His reference to it at the trial is believed to have been accidental.
    Separate Soviet trials

    Although publicly silent on the issue at the Tokyo Trials, the Soviet Union pursued the case and prosecuted twelve top military leaders and scientists from Unit 731 and its affiliated biological-war prisons Unit 1644 in Nanjing, and Unit 100 in Changchun, in the Khabarovsk War Crime Trials. Included among those prosecuted for war crimes including germ warfare was General Otozō Yamada, the commander-in-chief of the million-man Kwantung Army occupying Manchuria.

    The trial of those captured Japanese perpetrators was held in Khabarovsk in December 1949. A lengthy partial transcript of the trial proceedings was published in different languages the following year by a Moscow foreign languages press, including an English language edition. The lead prosecuting attorney at the Khabarovsk trial was Lev Smirnov, who had been one of the top Soviet prosecutors at the Nuremberg Trials. The Japanese doctors and army commanders who had perpetrated the Unit 731 experiments received sentences from the Khabarovsk court ranging from two to 25 years in a Siberian labor camp. The Americans refused to acknowledge the trials, branding them communist propaganda.

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