Why is radiation dangerous?
Radiation is a process wherein energy travels in wave patterns or high-speed particles. Radiation comes in two forms, which are ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation functions with a large amount of energy that can change the charge of an atom. Alpha, beta, gamma, x-ray and neutrons are particles that can convert atoms into its ionized form. Non-ionizing radiation, on the other hand, carries a series of waves in electromagnetic field that travel at the speed of light. Examples of on non-ionizing radiation are the UV, visible light, infrared, microwave, radio frequency and extremely low frequency.
Although radiation is used medically to treat cancer, radiation can also be the cause of it. In any way, radiation can be the cure or the culprit. With any of these types, radiation poses hazardous effects to anyone who may be constantly or extremely exposed to. With radiation, the delivery of energy waves causes a change in the atoms’ molecular structure. When constant exposure happens, the atoms will have a difficulty returning to their normal structure and the abnormal atoms become more dominant. As the atoms become irregular, the healthy cells that maintains the body’s homeostatic state also gets destroyed or killed, due to radiation’s effect on fast ‘šgrowing cells found in the body, such as the hair, the nails, the bone marrow and the mucous membranes. Leukemia and other forms of cancer can develop because of radiation. These are facts which people must be greatly concerned about.
The level at which radiation brings out its untoward effects is highly unpredictable. Even the smallest amount of radiation can cause great danger to one’s health without even noticing it. Especially at this modern age and time where technology develops rapidly that even the lives of the people become greatly compromised.