Why is NSW called the first state?
NSW or New South Wales is located in the southeast par of Australia. It is the most populated state of the country with Sydney as its capital city.
News South Wale is the first state of Australia because it is the first settled colony. NSW was then inhabited by indigenous Australians for almost 40,000 years but when Captain James Cook arrived in 1770, a settlement was established.
At first the fleets of Cook arrived in Botany Bay but the Captain found out that they need to find a better place. They settled at Port Jackson where Sydney is now located, and there the first settlement was established in January 26, 1788. This is the reason why every January 26, Australians commemorate their foundation day.
Because of the foreign invasion, indigenous Australians were in protest because their traditional life was disturbed. But despite this, the invasions still went on. Thousands of British settlers stayed in New South Wales. The British found treasure in New South Wales especially in mining. The invasion was great that the British expanded their dominion to other countries such as the New Zealand.
Originally, New South Wales composed almost the Australian mainland. After the first settlement in NSW, Australia was then divided into two, the eastern half (New South Wales) and the western half (New Holland).
New South Wales was considered the first state because colonization started there. The British got interested with the beauty of Sydney and with this they further explored the whole country. In 1823, another colony was established in Brisbane River which became the Queensland and in 1829, Perth was founded on the west coast. Although the west coast was free, the people accepted British convicts because of labor shortage.
Being the home of oldest European settlement, New South Wales is now the most industrialized state in Australia.