Why is Perpetual Motion impossible?
Perpetual motion is one concept that is mostly associated to the hypothetical idea of operating machines without having to stop, that produces more work and energy without typically consuming much. This type of machines are most aptly called as perpetual motion machines whereby there exists a compliance of the two basic laws of thermodynamics which has access to unconventional sources of energy. As the concept of perpetual motion further gained interest by many was given much attention and concern, it has been discovered that this concept can be of two classifications. The first is termed as a perpetual motion machine of the first kind, which is defined as the production of work without requiring energy. The second is coined as the perpetual motion machine of the second kind, in which thermal energy is spontaneously converted into mechanical form of energy.
In contrast to what has been studied regarding the possibility of perpetual motion, the concept does negate the fact that such though is impossible. Perpetual motion is one impossible concept because it defies the laws of thermodynamics, particularly the first law and the second law. The first law states that energy can be transformed but can neither be created nor destroyed. Perpetual motion violates this law because it works in the absence of energy. Moving on to the second law, it simply expresses that neutrality is inevitably achieved as heat disperses into cooler areas. This is greatly defied by the concept of perpetual energy no natural source can sustain the heat energy required for machines to run at an infinite period of time.
The existence of scientific theories, laws and researches have made the idea of perpetual motion remain in the context of impossibility, despite many various attempts to prove that perpetual motion can exist.