Why do bees pollinate flowers?
Pollination is an important process that occurs among plants in order to propagate. During pollination, the pollen is transferred to the plants which enable sexual reproduction and fertilization. Once the pollen grains that contain the sperm meet the ovule of the flower, pollination occurs. Pollination then becomes a necessary step for plants to bear flower. Without pollination, plants will become extinct.
Air, water, and humans can be agents of pollination. When the wind blows, it can carry with it the pollens toward the female organ of the flower. The same is true when water flows and carries the pollen. Human can also cause pollination because he may bring with him the pollens when he travels Insects are the most popular agents of pollination. Examples of these are butterflies and bees.
Bees visit flowers because they have a purpose aside from helping in the pollination. The bees collect nectar from the flowers and turn this to honey. The nectar is the food of the bees and once they have a surplus from their collection, they gather the honey in their beehive. The pollen is also used by the bees to feed to their larvae.
The bee’s purpose why it visits the flower is for its personal survival. It does not have any idea that it has a great role in pollination. When bees land on flowers, the pollens stick to the hairs of the bee. Sometimes, the pollen sacs are carried by the feet of the bees. Once the bees fly, they carry with them the pollen sacs. When they land to another flower looking for more nectar, the pollen will then fall off from the sac. The pollen will then transfer to the stigma of another flower, causing pollination.
When pollination happens, reproduction will occur thus giving new life to flowers, vegetables, and fruits.