Similarities Between Zoroastrianism and Islam

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It has been a popular belief that Zoroastrianism influenced the religious beliefs of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Zoroastrianism has been developed over a span of at least 3,000 years, with roots believed to be in a common Indo-Iranian culture and mythology. Zoroastrianism influenced various aspects of Persian culture. When Islam spread to Persia in the 7th century, it encountered Zoroastrianism, leading to some cultural and religious interactions.

While both are distinct religions with different beliefs and practices, there are some key similarities between Zoroastrianism and Islam. Read on to learn more!


Zoroastrianism is one of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions. Its origins can be traced back to ancient Persia, which is present-day Iran. It was founded by the prophet Zoroaster (or Zarathustra) sometime between the 6th and 7th centuries BCE. Zoroastrianism is characterized by its belief in one supreme god, Ahura Mazda, who represents the forces of good, and an opposing force, Angra Mainyu or Ahriman, representing evil.

When Islam emerged in the 7th century CE, it encountered various religious communities, including Zoroastrians, in the region. Over time, some Zoroastrians converted to Islam, while others faced discrimination and persecution.

Additionally, there are some theological parallels between Zoroastrianism and Islam. Both religions believe in monotheism, the existence of angels and demons, and the idea of a final judgment. Some scholars also suggest that Zoroastrianism may have influenced certain aspects of Islamic theology and eschatology.


Islam is a diverse religion with a wide range of beliefs and practices among its followers. It’s a monotheistic religion that originated in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century CE. It was founded by the Prophet Muhammad, who is considered the final prophet in a long line of prophets that includes Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus in Islamic tradition.

Islam emerged in the 7th century CE in the city of Mecca, which is located in present-day Saudi Arabia. According to Islamic tradition, Muhammad received revelations from the one God, Allah, through the angel Gabriel over a period of 23 years. These revelations are recorded in the holy book of Islam, the Quran. For the vast majority of Muslims, the Quran is the speech of God.

Similarities between Zoroastrianism and Islam

Monotheistic Religion

Both religions believe in monotheism. Zoroastrianism believes in one supreme god, Ahura Mazda, who is considered the creator and sustainer of the universe. Islam’s concept of monotheism is encapsulated in the Shahada, the declaration of faith: “There is no god but Allah.” This fundamental belief in the absolute oneness of God is the cornerstone of Islamic theology.

Judgment and Afterlife

Zoroastrianism teaches that, after death, individuals undergo a judgment of their deeds in life. This judgment determines whether one’s soul will experience rewards or punishments in the afterlife. Islam shares the same belief that individuals are held accountable for their actions on Earth. This judgment occurs on the Day of Judgment (Yawm al-Qiyamah), and it determines whether a person will enter Heaven (Jannah) or Hell (Jahannam).

Angels and Demons

Zoroastrianism acknowledges the existence of both divine beings and malevolent spirits. The Spenta Mainyu represents the Holy Spirit, while the Angra Mainyu symbolizes the destructive spirit or evil force. Islam believes in angels as messengers and servants of God, such as Gabriel and Michael. Additionally, Islam recognizes the existence of jinn, supernatural beings created from smokeless fire.

Ethical Conduct

Zoroastrianism places a strong emphasis on ethical behavior and moral virtues. It emphasizes the importance of ethical behavior, including truthfulness, kindness, and charity. It encourages adherents to choose the path of righteousness. Similarly, Muslims are instructed to follow a code of ethics that includes honesty, generosity, compassion, and justice. Living a righteous life and fulfilling one’s duties to God and fellow humans are central principles in Islam.


These commonalities reflect shared themes of monotheism. While these commonalities exist, it’s important to recognize that both Zoroastrianism and Islam also have significant differences in their beliefs, practices, and historical development. Additionally, the influence of Zoroastrianism on Islamic thought and theology is a topic of scholarly debate, and the extent of this influence can vary among different interpretations and sects within Islam.


Is Zoroastrianism related to Islam?

Zoroastrianism was the religion of the ancient Persian kings, and following the Arab conquest, it remained the religion of a significant portion of the population in Iran and parts of Central Asia. Both religions believe in monotheism, the existence of angels and demons, and the idea of a final judgment. However, they are distinct religions with different beliefs and practices.

What religion is most similar to Zoroastrianism?

Zoroastrianism shares some similarities with other monotheistic religions like Judaism and Christianity due to its belief in one supreme god and concepts such as judgment and an afterlife.

Who are Zoroastrians according to Islam?

In Islamic tradition, Zoroastrians are considered People of the Book (Ahl al-Kitab), which is a term used to refer to religious communities that have received divine scriptures.

What came first, Zoroastrianism or Islam?

Zoroastrianism is one of the world’s oldest religions and predates Islam by several centuries.

Is Zoroaster a Prophet of Allah?

In the Ahmadiyya community, it is believed that individuals like Zoroaster and others from various religious traditions may have been prophets sent by Allah to guide their respective communities. However, it’s important to note that this interpretation is specific to the Ahmadiyya community and is not accepted by mainstream Islamic scholars and authorities.

How is Zoroastrianism different from Islam?

While both believe in one God, Zoroastrianism’s concept of Ahura Mazda differs from Islam’s understanding of Allah. Zoroastrianism has its own prophetic tradition, with Zoroaster as the founder, distinct from the Islamic prophetic lineage. Additionally, Zoroastrians worship in fire temples, while Muslims pray in mosques.

Author: Sagar Khillar

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